In areas such as sport, entertainment, and the arts, the best conflicts have goodies and baddies. Wrestling, more than any other sport, has endless opportunities for goodies and baddies because it has a narrative. It’s a serial. There are characters, with backstories, there is love and hate and wright and wrong.
In Lucha Libre, much of this is epitomised and characterised by the distinct styles or types that all male and female Luchadores (wrestlers) fall within: Technico, Rudo and Exotico. Lucha Libre also has ‘Minis’ who are a mix of midgets and particularly short wrestlers. Each style has its own code of conduct, physical style of wrestling and cultural appeal. Tell me more you say? Well read on luchador.
Technico: these are the good guys. They play by the rules, respect the crowd and get the girl. Technicos are physically slim and lean rather than the muscle-bound wrestlers you see in modern western wrestling. They are also technically accomplished athletes and tend to rely on high flying, skillful and graceful moves.
Rudo: no prizes for guessing that these are the bad guys. Generally much bigger in appearance, more physical in style, they also break whatever rules they need to, will abuse the referee and the crowd and generally make a nuisance of themselves.
Exotico: camp?/gay?/pro-gay?/anti-gay? - there is mixed response to the exotico luchador - they spend as much time in the ring chasing, slapping and ass grabbing as they do fighting, but while often bordering on the ridiculous, they aren’t ridiculed. They often win, are an important part of the narrative and have some kick-ass moves.
The Minis aren’t necessarily a fighting code, as they are defined mostly by their physical prowess, and some are goodies and others baddies - but they too have their own moves and following.
Many characters have swapped from technico to rudo in their career as part of a larger story, so it’s worth pointing out that roles and styles are very fluid. What is true, is that the crowd always know who is who - there is nothing vague or ambiguous, and it’s one of the main drivers of the action in the ring.